You open files just about every time you operate on your Mac, most frequently, in all probability, by double-clicking them. But did you know that there are a lot of various methods to open up documents? You can use your mouse, your trackpad, or even your keyboard. You can open up data files in windows, from menus, and from dialogs. Here are a dozen ways you can open up data files on a Mac.
1. Double-simply click to Open up Information
The standard way to open a file on the Mac — and on Windows as effectively — is to double-click on a file. By default, it opens with the software that is assigned to function with its file type so, if you have Microsoft Office environment on your Mac, a .doc file opens in Word, and an .xls file opens in Excel. Only just one application can open up each file type when you double-simply click it, but as you’ll see down below, you can open documents with other apps, and you can transform the default app that opens a supplied file sort.
If you acquire a file as an attachment to an email, you can open it by double-clicking it, as you would a file in the Finder.
2. Drag and Fall to Open Information
You can open up a file by dragging it onto an application icon, both in a Finder window, or in the Dock. If that app can open the file, the icon will spotlight, and when you drop the file the application will start (if it is not presently running) and display screen the file.
3. Open up Files from the Keyboard
You can also open up a file from the keyboard. Choose a file in a Finder window or on the Desktop, and press Command-down-arrow. As with double-clicking, the file opens with the app its file form is related with.
You can also press Command-O to open up a chosen file.
4. Open any File from an Open Dialog
As mentioned in a new article on The Mac Security Web site about applying the Open and Preserve dialogs, you can open up any file from an app’s Open dialog (if that app supports the file variety). Just push Command-O in your application, navigate to the file, select it, and click on Open up or push Return.
If you want to watch a file when you’re in an Open dialog, you can choose and it press the place bar to view it in Fast Seem.
If you’ve labored on a file in a certain app, you can re-open up it from that app’s Open up Modern menu. Opt for File > Open Modern, then pick out the file. Note that this menu only stores a restricted quantity of information. You can regulate this range in Procedure Tastes > Typical, by deciding on the Latest Goods menu at the bottom of the pane and selecting a quantity from none to 50.
6. Open up Files from a Dock Icon
If you click and maintain an app icon in your Mac’s Dock, you are going to see that there’s a menu showing latest products, if the app can open up data files. Select a file to open it with that application. As over, this menu only includes a confined quantity of files.
If you pick out the Apple menu, then New Things, you’ll see a list of recent applications, files, and servers. Pick out a file from the Files portion, and it opens in its assigned application. As earlier mentioned, you can handle how many things exhibit in this menu in the Common tastes. The change amongst this and the Open The latest menu in apps is that this menu exhibits not too long ago opened files from all apps, whilst each application also has its own Open up Current menu that only displays its own data files.
8. Use Spotlight to Open Information
You can use Highlight to research for files — by their name, or even by key terms in their content — and open up them from the results. Just use the arrow keys to pick out a file and push Return, or double-click on it.
If you want to show a file you’ve identified in Highlight, push Command-Return, and a new Finder window opens with that file highlighted.
9. Open Documents from the Dock
If you have included documents to [the right-hand section of the Dock](https://www.intego.com/mac-stability-weblog/get-to-know-your-macs-dock/) (or the bottom, if you position the Dock on both facet of your monitor), a solitary simply click will open that file.
And if you have folders in that aspect of the Dock, click on and hold a folder icon to see a checklist of the information it consists of. Pick out one particular to open up it.
10. Use Quick Seem to Open up Files
If you pick a file in the Finder then press the Area bar, you will see a preview of the file. If you then want to open up the file, you can click on the Open up With… button at the top rated of the preview window. This will display the title of the application that is assigned to open up that file kind, and it will say, for example, Open up With Preview.
11. Proper-Click to Open up Information
If you right-click on a file in the Finder, you will see two menu merchandise: Open and Open up With. The previous allows you open up the file with the application related with its file variety, and the latter shows a sub-menu that contains all the apps that can open that file. This is the most effective way to open a file with an application other than the just one that opens its file sort by default.
You can also choose a file and pick File > Open With to obtain the same sub-menu.
12. From the Command Line You Can Open up Files
If you use the command line, you possibly now know that you can open documents in the Terminal app. Just variety the open up command, adopted by a place then the full path to the file, then push Return. Your command must look like this:
open up /Consumers/kirk/Files/My Folder/My File
There’s a more rapidly way to do this, if you can see the file in the Finder. Type open up, then a area, then drag the file onto the Terminal window. This copies its file path. Push Return to open up the file with its connected application.
Bonus Tip: How to Affiliate a File Style with an Application
I outlined previously mentioned that file forms are associated with purposes. For each file variety — this kind of as .doc, .xls, .txt — there is just one and only just one app on your Mac that will open the data files instantly, these types of as when you double-click files. But you can alter this.
Choose as an case in point .txt information. By default, they open up with Apple’s TextEdit. But you may possibly have a favored text editor and want all these documents to open with this app.
Pick out any .txt file in the Finder, then press Command-I. In the Open With segment, you’ll see a menu showing that TextEdit is the default application. Click the menu and find your most popular textual content editor, then simply click Improve All. The Mac will try to remember to open up all .txt files in your picked application.
Observe that you will continue to be able to open these data files with other apps, by dragging on to app icons, from the Open up With contextual menu, and so on. Give these strategies a try out and you are going to soon discover how they will make you far more successful!
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About Kirk McElhearn
Kirk McElhearn writes about Macs, iPods, iTunes, publications, tunes and extra on his website Kirkville.
He is co-host of the Intego Mac Podcast and PhotoActive, and a common contributor to The Mac Protection Site, TidBITS, and several other internet websites and publications.
Kirk has published a lot more than 20 publications, including Take Management guides about iTunes, LaunchBar, and Scrivener.
Observe him on Twitter at @mcelhearn.
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